Beekeeping Tips & Terms

Boxes and Wood ware

  • Hives should clearly show your beekeeper registration number
  • Use untreated timber for the hive floor
  • Treat wood ware with metalex mixed with turps 3:1 and leave for a few days before use
  • Paint only the outside of beehives and not the entrance way or front part of the base floor board
  • Cheaper paint can sometimes be purchased from paint retailers by asking for mis-tinted colours
  • Use fencing staples or a small bit of wood on the runners of the base to act as a guide for the box on top
  • Mesh bases/floor boards can be used to check for Varroa
  • Boxes / supers come in three depths – full, ¾, or half
  • Can have one or two boxes for brood chamber
  • Each box needs frames sized to suit
  • Frames can be wooden or plastic or a combination of both
  • Top board / Hive mat / Crown board
    • Sits on top of the top box below the lid
    • Can put small holes in the board to reduce dampness in the top box

Queen Excluder

  • Sits on top of the brood chamber
  • Workers can get through but not Queens or Drones
  • Be careful not to bend metal wires in queen excluders

Nuc boxes

  • Used for collecting or splitting a hive
  • Narrow box with a small entrance
  • Often has a hole at the back with mesh for ventilation
  • Is usually only in two pieces box (including base) and lid – this makes transportation easy

Bee Feeding

  • Need to check bees have enough stores
  • If feeding use 2 litres sugar to 1 litre of water but do not use icing sugar
  • Need to put dried vegetation or wood chips in the liquid so the bees don't drown.
  • 1 feed should last around 10 days
  • Some commercial bee keepers use dry sugar in August as the liquid can stimulate the bees to early